Solidarity and Volunteering in the Corona Crisis

What drives many Danes to help the elderly, sick neighbors or socially disadvantaged people by shopping for groceries and offering other practical assistance during the COVID-19 outbreak? How does help manifest itself in practice? And who does the help reach?

Groceries hanging on door. A symbol of helping your nabour. Photo: Colourbox

This project investigates the massive mobilization of volunteering and informal help in civil society aiming to alleviate the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for vulnerable groups in Danish society. The aim is to produce insight into the supply and demand of help and analyze what mechanisms influence the exchange, e.g. social capital distribution or digitization of volunteering projects from the perspective of both helpers/volunteers and recipients of help.

We combine four data sources: 

  1.  A short interval three wave panel survey with a population representative sample of 8,000 adults carried out by Statistics Denmark.
  2. A short interval three wave panel survey of all of the more than 250 corona help groups that has been organized on Facebook during the crisis so far.
  3. Extensive ethnographies of Facebook group cultures and interviews of groups and volunteers/helpers and users/helped.
  4. Big social media data from the Facebook groups analyzed by digital methods.







December 2020: Hjalmar Bang Carlsen and Jonas Toubøl. Article in the journal Samfundsøkonomen:
Frivillig hjælp og omsorg under coronakrisen: Omfang, socioøkonomisk fordeling og arbejdsdeling i Samfundsøkonomen

December 2020: Ditte Andersen, Sine Kirkegaard, Hjalmar Bang Carlsen and Jonas Toubøl. Article in the journal Contexts:
Co-Production of Care during COVID-19

December 2020: Mia Lunding Christensen, Esben Brøgger Lemminger, Maria Haarmark Nielsen, Jonathan Holm Salka, Benedikte Brincker, Hjalmar Bang Carlsen and Jonas Toubøl. Chapter in the book Det epidemiske samfund, Hans Reitzels Forlag:
Solidaritet og frivillighed under coronakrisen: Netværks betydning for fordelingen af uformel civil hjælp i Det epidemiske samfund:

September 2020: Hjalmar Bang Carlsen, Jonas Toubøl and Benedikte Brincker. Paper in the journal European Societies:
‘On solidarity and volunteering during the COVID-19 crisis in Denmark: the impact of social networks and social media groups on the distribution of support’



















Name Title Phone E-mail
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Benedikte Brincker Head of Department +4535321415 E-mail
Esben Brøgger Lemminger Student FU   E-mail
Jonas Toubøl Associate Professor +4535323268 E-mail
Jonathan Holm Salka Student   E-mail
Marie Haarmark Nielsen Student   E-mail

Funded by:

Independent Research Fund Denmark logo

The project has received a three year funding from Independent Research Fund Denmark

Project: Solidarity and volounteering in the corona crisis
Period:  2020-2021


Jonas Toubøl (PI)
Department of Sociology
Telefon: +45 35 32 32 68

Hjalmer Bang Carlsen (PI)
Department of Sociology/SODAS
Telefon: +45 35 33 44 49