Jonas Toubøl

Jonas Toubøl

Assistant professor

Office hours: Mondays 13-15, weeks 6-14. Please make an appointment in advance. 

Areas of research: Political sociology, social movements, civil society, volunteering, social media, class, unionization, mixed methods

Postdoc project: Mobilization in the era of social media: Introducing the decisive role of group level factors (2018-2021, funded by the Carlsberg Foundation) 

The group is ubiquitous in social movement theory. Despite its centrality to important concepts such as collective identity, framing, and networks, the field lacks a clear theoretical as well as methodological strategy for studying the internal interactional dynamics of groups as well as their consequences for collective action. Based on a case-study of the Danish refugee solidarity movement, this project develops new concepts and methods for analyzing how political activity in social media groups influences political mobilization. Triangulating data from ‘big’ social media sources, survey, and life-history interviews, the project analyzes how variation in grassroots groups’ interactional patterns influences the political activism embarked upon by the group as well as the individual members.

Solidarity and volunteering in the coronacrisis (2020-2021, co-directed with Hjalmar Bang Carlsen, Funded by the Independent Research Fund Denmark)

This project investigates the massive mobilization of volunteering and informal help in civil society aiming to alleviate the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for vulnerable groups in Danish society. The aim is to produce insight into the supply and demand of help and analyze what mechanisms influence the exchange, e.g. social capital distribution or digitization of volunteering projects from the perspective of both helpers/volunteers and recipients of help. We combine four data sources: 1) a short interval three wave panel survey with a population representative sample of 8,000 adults carried out by Statistics Denmark. 2) a short interval three wave panel survey of all of the more than 250 corona help groups that has been organized on Facebook during the crisis so far. 3) Extensive ethnographies of Facebook group cultures and interviews of groups and volunteers/helpers and  users/helped. 4) Big social media data from the Facebook groups analyzed by digital methods.

For more information and recent results, visit

Other research

With colleagues, I study unionization within a collective action framework. Methodological we draw on Danish register data covering the entire population to model how workplace union density influences the individual worker’s decision about joining the union. In a related project, we have developed the Mobility Network Clustering Algorithm (MONECA) designed to map the social class structure in an inductive manner.


I teach the mandatory course Basic methodology of social sciences at the bachelor in Sociology. The course introduces quantitative and qualitative methodology with emphasis on survey techniques and qualitative interview methods. During the courses the students will from scratch develop and complete their own survey and inteview projecst taking them through all steps of an empirical research process from formulating research questions and -designs, developing a questionnaire/interviewguide, data-collection, data-processing and analysis and finally reporting.

At the Master's programme, I teach Social movements, activism and protest: core dynamics, processes and mechanisms which introduces the students to the main theoretical traditions and central topics on social movement studies. The student's must complete three portfolio assignment that together constitutes a case study of movement of protest event of their own choosing.

Selected publications

  1. Published

    On solidarity and volunteering during the COVID-19 crisis in Denmark: The impact of social networks and social media groups on the distribution of support

    Carlsen, Hjalmar Alexander Bang, Toubøl, Jonas & Brincker, Benedikte, 2021, In: European Societies. 23, sup 1, p. 122-140

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Published

    Consequences of Group Style for Differential Participation

    Carlsen, Hjalmar Alexander Bang, Toubøl, Jonas & Ralund, Snorre, 26 Jun 2020, In: Social Forces. 99, 3, p. 1233–1273

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Published

    The Solidary Relationship’s Consequences for the Ebb and Flow of Activism: Collaborative Evidence from Life-History Interviews and Social Media Event Analysis

    Carlsen, Hjalmar Alexander Bang, Ralund, Snorre & Toubøl, Jonas, Sep 2020, In: Sociological Forum. 35, 3, p. 696-720

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

ID: 35309643