The Social Mobility of Siblings in Comparative Perspective (the SIBMOB project)
This project examines the social class mobility of siblings in more than ten countries with the hope of better understanding why some countries or more socially mobile than others.
How come some siblings from the same family end up in different social class positions? This is a question that has yet to be fully answered by sociologists.
The EU-funded SIBMOB project will conduct a large-scale comparative study to review the class mobility of siblings. It will provide a novel statistical approach to analysing these family types. Specifically, it will identify how class mobility is generated and why societies differ in their class mobility patterns. It will furnish sociologists with a widely applicable statistical approach to such analysis, including describing how and explaining why they differ both within and between countries. The project will apply its novel approach to data on siblings born during the 20th century in 10 countries.
The project consists of three overall parts. In the first part, the project team will collect data from over 10 countries and merge them into a large database containing information on the mobility experiences of siblings. In the second part, the project team will develop a set of new statistical techniques for examining the social class mobility of siblings. In the third part, the project team will apply the new methods to the database to conduct a large-scale, comparative study of the social class mobility of siblings.
While sociologists studying how social class positions are passed on from parents to children emphasize the family as the basic theoretical unit of intergenerational transmission processes, the comparative literature on social class mobility has paid no attention to how and why siblings from the same family end up in the same or in different classes. Indeed, all existing class mobility studies examine the mobility of individuals, thereby neglecting the key question of how societal differences in class mobility patterns result from social processes operating at the level of families.
SIBMOB will fill this puzzling gap in the class mobility literature by developing a comprehensive approach to and conducting a large-scale comparative study of the class mobility of siblings. The project argues that insofar as we want to understand how class mobility is generated and why societies differ in their class mobility patterns, the total pattern of class mobility in a society needs to be viewed as a sum of different types of families with distinct class mobility patterns. SIBMOB offers a novel statistical approach to analyzing these family types, including describing how and explaining why they differ both within and between countries. The project hypothesizes that cross-national and temporal variation in class mobility results from institutional and sociodemographic factors affecting families’ overall mobility opportunities in a given society. In a comparative study, the project will apply its novel approach to data on siblings born during the 20th century in 10 countries to test this and related hypotheses about why countries, or different birth cohorts within countries, differ in their overall class mobility patterns.
Key outcomes of SIBMOB will be a deeper understanding of families’ role in mobility processes, a comprehensive statistical methodology with wide applicability, and new comparative evidence on class mobility that is much richer than the existing evidence.
The project consists of Project PI Associate Professor Kristian Bernt Karlson, research postdoc Dongjie Wu (two additional three year research postdocs will be hired throughout the project) and research assistant Serena Chow.
The project’s advisory board consists of Florencia Torche (Stanford University), Carina Mood (Stockholm University), Irena Kogan (Mannheim University), Herman van der Werfhorst (Amsterdam University), Richard Breen (Oxford University), and Jacque Hagenaars (Tilburg University).
Projektet undersøger og sammenligner søskendes sociale mobilitsmønstre på tværs af ti lande. Formålet med projektet er at undersøge, hvorfor nogle lande er mere socialt mobile end andre med udgangspunkt i de forskellige forhold ved velfærdsstater og familier, som angiveligt påvirker mobiliteten mellem generationer i et samfund. Projektet (1) samler en række internationale forskningsdata om søskendes mobilitetsmønstre i én stor, samlet database, (2) udvikler nye metoder til at studere disse mønstre på og (3) anvender disse data og metoder i et stort empirisk studium af søskendes mobilitetsmønstre i ti lande. Du kan læse mere om projektet her. Universitsavisen har også en beskrivelse af projektet og projektets leder.
External researchers (scientific advisory board):
|Florencia Torche||Professor at Stanford University|
|Irena Kogan||Professor at University Mannheim|
|Carina Mood||Professor at Stockholm University|
|Jacques Hagenaars||Professor at Tilburg University|
|Herman van de Werfhorst||Professor at University of Amsterdam|
|Richard Breen||Professor at University of Oxford|